However, what made this settlement, known as Ai-Khanoum (‘Lady Moon’ in Uzbek), special was the fact that it would not have looked out of. The Spatial Organization of Ai Khanoum, a Greek. City in Afghanistan. LAuriAnne MArTinez-Sève. ArTiCLe. Abstract. The excavations of the Greek settlement of. The ruins of an ancient fortified city close to the village of Ai Khanum / Ai Khanoum in northern Afghanistan (and east of the city of Balkh) are thought to be the.

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During these decades, Ai-Khanoum continued to grow in importance in its role as a trade hub with India. These colonies were populated by settlers from Macedonia and Greece itself, drawn so far from home by generous incentives.

Ai-Khanoum – Travel guide at Wikivoyage

Kabul Shahi — Principality of Chaghaniyan 7th—8th centuries Rashidun Caliphate — Umayyads — Abbasids — Tahirids — Saffarids — Samanids — Ghaznavids — Ghurids before — Seljuks — Khwarezmids — Qarlughids — Ilkhanate — Chagatai Khanate — Khaljis — Karts — Timurids — Arghuns — From literary sources, we can deduce that an Alexandria on the Oxus or: Lastly, Ai-Khanoum was located at the very doorstep of Ancient Indiaallowing it interact directly with the Indian subcontinent.

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Coordinates on Wikidata Interlanguage link template link number Articles containing Greek-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December Commons category link is on Wikidata CS1 French-language sources fr. Ancient ruins are not hard to come by in Central and Western Asia.

Recent analysis now strongly suggests that the city was founded c. There is evidence of huge fires in all the major buildings of the city.


Site of Ai Khanoum. Ai Khanoum, Takhar Province. | ACKU Images System

The new colonies were likely intended to serve as centres of Macedonian power and control in newly conquered regions. History of the Parsis pdf Framjee: You are commenting using your Twitter account.

Heracles, from the Temple of the Niches. Due to the lack of proper stones for sculptural work in the area of Ai-Khanoum, unbaked clay and stucco modeled on a wooden frame were often used, a technique which would become widespread in Central Asia and the East, especially in Buddhist art.

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Despite its destruction, the cultural legacy of Ai-Khanoum and other Hellenistic cities like it would endure for generations, not to mention the important role these settlements played in the development of the famous Silk Road. However, the Seleucids would return to reestablish their control around BCE, when Antiochus III the Great reached the easternmost point of his great campaign to re-conquer the eastern half of the Seleucid Empire.

Even the city walls were built in the Greek style. The choice of this site for the foundation of a city was probably guided by several factors.

Statue of an old man, from the gymnasium.

Email required Address never made public. However, Persepolis fell about 80 years before the first Buddhist stone architecture appeared, which leaves the question whether knowledge was preserved over the generations between Persepolis to the west of Ai-Khanoum and the Mauryans to its east.

You are commenting using your WordPress. For the Seleucids that distance was even greater, with Bactra some 3,kms 2, miles from the capital at Antioch near modern Antakya, Turkey. The coins found in Ai-Khanoum start with those of Khanumbut end abruptly with those of Eucratidessuggesting that the city was conquered at the end of his rule.


With your greatly appreciated support, no matter how small, Real History can continue to produce content that is accurate, research and, above all, readable. Altogether, six such Indian-standard silver drachmas in the name of Agathocles were discovered at Ai-Khanoum in Kandahar Edict of Khanou In the 13th Edict, Ashoka accurately names all of the rulers in the Hellenistic world at the time of the inscription: The entire region is littered with them.

Silk Roads Trading Centre. This was the birth of the Silk Road. This is the largest known gold coin minted in Antiquity.


Media Babylon Persia Rawlinson: However, this was not to last. Plate from Ai Khanum Alexandria on Oxus. One branch of the ancient Aryan trade roads, the Silk Roads, passed beside the city and this allowed the city to control the lapis lazuli and other precious stones trade. In addition, the entire site was littered with Greek-style sculptures and artwork, including column capitals carved in the Corinthian style. One of the more entertaining anecdotes highlighting the influence of Hellenistic culture is provided by ancient historian Plutarch:.

Possibly, this was a refoundation of an older, Persian city, and was settled with Greek and Iranian veterans, together with native serfs: Instead, it is more likely that the establishment of new settlements was khanouum response to the enormous administrative challenges that came with an empire of such massive size.

So what was this place and how did something so distinctly Greek come to exist in a far corner of Afghanistan?