Philip M. Raup; Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, Alexander Gerschenkron, Cambridge, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, . Gerschenkron (), a differential behaviour in terms of accumulation, () emphasis on the fact that countries which had a late start would follow a. Gerschenkron, Alexander, , Economic Backwardness in Historical. Perspective.***. Lecture Three: Other Industrialized Countries than Britain. I. U.S.

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His early work concentrated on development in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.

The war in Vietnam, and the student reaction, imposed a large cost, as it did to many others who had fled Europe in the s. Economicsthe course in economic history required of all graduate students, assigned a alexandwr as well as a final examination.

What these persons gained was proximity to a stellar intellect, and close association with each other as they pursued their research.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays

To achieve the readjustment of agriculture and to place it on a competitive basis he suggests the introduction of a government trade monopoly of the bulk of agricultural products in Germany.

Long-standing friendships were broken, as with John Kenneth Galbraith. He was an extraordinary scholar and personas his biography fully details. Gerschenkron studied many subjects, from history of economics, economics of the Soviet Union, statistics, Greek poetry, and a great deal in between. Fishlow, Albert Project Sign in via your Institution Sign in. He was a Professor of Economics at Harvard for about 25 years.

He accepted, and his university career really began. By the mids, 196 of his students, both in Soviet economics and economic history, prepared a Festschrift in his honor. At Harvard, he led the Economic History Workshop and taught courses on Alexader economics and economic history. Most users should sign in with their email address. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Alexanded and Privacy Policy. Gerschenkron had a profound influence on his students.

Retrieved 16 April Ultimately, as well, there are the many developmental failures — rather than only the successes — that now loom larger gerscbenkron attract attention. He worked for the firm for three year, but then decided to commit himself to politics, in particular the Social Democrats.


The collection of gegschenkron under review, which opens with the backwardness thesis and closes with appendices on industrial development in Italy and Bulgaria with reflections on Soviet literature along the way — has achieved a hallowed acceptance.

In addition to his vast knowledge of economic history, he also studied literature.

Alexander Gerschenkron

American people of Russian-Jewish descent Austrian School economists Development economists Economic historians Jewish American historians Guggenheim Fellows Harvard University faculty births deaths 20th-century historians 20th-century American economists Distinguished Alexanderr of the American Economic Association.

This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat Always, application of the backwardness approach requires close attention to detail, as well as a quantitative emphasis. From Habsburg to Hitler. And more recently, with the rise of political economy as a field, his work is widely assigned as required reading. It also worked in favor to a major part of the German peasantry. Four years later, he and his family would exit and join them, and hardly in easy circumstances. As the contemporary world continues to confront the problem of inadequate development, particularly over the last twenty years in Latin America and Africa, that special magic gerschejkron nineteenth century backwardness stimulates greater appeal, and greater hope.

Three years later, he committed himself to politics and the Social Democrats. With a monopoly in place, the government could set a price policy, which would force a number of farmers to discontinue grain production for the market and eventually carry out the needed adjustment of high cost agriculture to the international market conditions.

Alexander Gerschenkron – Wikipedia

Connecting evolution in individual countries with He and his wife wrote an article together on translations of Shakespeare, which was published in a literary journal. But the important novelty, and a decisive point in his career, was the invitation from Charles Gulick, a Berkeley professor whom he had earlier helped in his research in Austria, to come to the United States.

Don’t already have an Oxford Academic account? General, International, or Comparative Time Period s: His early professional career is not recorded in autobiography as was his first 20 years. This “Gerschenkron effect” was a significant finding that deflated the announced superior Soviet growth.


While he did explicitly treat Austria as a failed case, it was not a central part of his theoretical structure. Social Attitudes Entrepreneurship and Economic Devel. Portrait of an Exceptional Character. Shura, as he was better known by those very close to him, is guaranteed a place in the pantheon of economic history. It was not his direct dissertation supervision that was responsible.

Alexander Gerschenkron and his ideas have had, like excellent wine, a remarkable maturing in recent years. In it, he advanced the linear stages theory of economic development, which posits that development goes forward in largely determined stages.

Harvard offered him a position as a tenured professor, the successor to Abbot Greschenkron Usher. His failure, gerscenkron in Latin and geometry, meant he was rejected. In gerschdnkron history he taught a year-long course required of all graduate economics students. And he wrote, in long nights of private work, what proved to be his single piece of greatest length, Bread and Democracy in Germanypublished in Berkeley: A fourth and last relevant observation relates to his general intellect.

They introduced a new era of increased agricultural protection, which once again favored the peasants and Junkers.

During his time on the Federal Reserve Board, Gerschenkron established himself as an expert gesrchenkron the Soviet economy. Gerschenkron defined an indelible, if unattainable, standard of scholarship for colleagues and students alike.

Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective

Explaining and systematizing the elements of creative innovation in industrial history, Mr. His seminar then, and the availability of fellowship support, attracted several Harvard students, and even some from neighboring MIT, to work in the field.

Gerschenkron, Alexander Reviewer s: