FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield. CHAPTER 1 . Everyone in the US Army conducts some form of IPB. For example: A rifleman in an infantry . United States Army Command and General Staff College .. Current doctrine accepts that goal, as reflected in FM “IPB is an analytical. FIELD MANUAL Headquarters. Department of the Army. Washington, DC , 8 July INTELLIGENCE PREPARATION OF THE BATTLEFIELD.
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FM – Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield –
This assessment of the environment always includes an examination of terrain and weather but may also include discussions of the characteristics of geography and infrastructure and 334-130 effects on friendly and threat operations. New decisions and 34-10 lead to updating and refining the collection plan, intelligence synchronization, and new decision support tools.
It also identifies opportunities the battlefield environment presents, such as avenues of approach, engagement areas, and zones of entry, which the staff integrates into potential friendly COAs and their staff estimates. This is a listing and discussion of the COAs available to the threat.
This supports the commander’s decisions during COA execution and helps him to quickly confirm or ary the assumptions used during COA development. The battle staff then wargames the best friendly response or preemptive action based on armh updated set of IPB predictions. Figure shows this wargaming. IPB is a continuous process which consists of four steps which you perform each time you conduct IPB:. Whenever possible, he plans and arranges direct dissemination of targeting tm from the collector to the targeting cell or appropriate tire support element FSE.
IPB plays a critical role in the decision making process. For a complete discussion of the targeting process, see FM A division staffs IPB can produce The decision making process is a dynamic and continuous process. Collection management synchronizes the activities of organizations and systems to provide intelligence the commander needs to accomplish his COA and targeting efforts.
Here you summarize the effects of the battlefield environment on friendly and enemy COAs, list the set of probable threat COAs in order of probability of adoptionand list the threat’s exploitable vulnerabilities. Using the results of staff wargaming and IPB as a guide, they decide IPB provides the basis for intelligence direction and synchronization that supports the command’s chosen COA.
Although they usually emphasize graphic depictions doctrinal templatesthreat models sometimes emphasize matrices or simple narratives. If BDA is required to support the command’s COA, the collection manager plans collection to satisfy that set of requirements as well. The bottom line is that every soldier conducts IPB. Enter Your Email Address. Refined and updated requirements result from staff wargaming and selection of a particular friendly COA.
However, the MI unit commander will use the IPB process to support his own unique planning requirements. Doctrine Versus Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures. They also determine the specific intelligence required to support each decision and record it onto the list of proposed intelligence requirements.
Sign In Sign Out. The description of the battlefield’s effects identifies constraints on potential friendly COAs and may reveal implied missions.
Both of these examples illustrate an informal application of IPB; that is, describe the effects of the battlefield and determine the threat’s COAs. Such decisions can only be made within the context of a given situation.
IPB not only enables a staff to put steel on target but also helps prioritize and maximize the effects of targeting. Therefore, staffs should ensure they use IPB, wargaming, and intelligence synchronization as dynamic tools rather than as one-time events.
Applying the IPB process helps the commander selectively apply and maximize his combat power at critical points in time and space on the battlefield by Every commander and staff officer needs to think through the effects the environment has on both threat and friendly operations.
As the size of the unit 34-1300, the level amy detail required in the IPB effort increases significantly. When operating against a new or less well-known threat, he may need to develop his intelligence data bases and threat models concurrently. Accordingly, the major IPB effort occurs before and during the first of five steps in the decision making process.
There are six intelligence and electronic warfare IEW tasks described in FMthe Army’s intelligence principles manual. Appendix A discusses in more detail the relationship between IPB and wargaming. The IPB process is continuous. The relationship of the IPB process to each step in the decision making process is discussed below see Figure Step 4 integrates the results of the previous steps into a meaningful 34-1130.
The event template identities the NAI where the activity will occur. IPB is an essential element of the intelligence cycle.
Enemy capabilities and vulnerabilities identified during evaluation of the threat allow the commander and staff to make assumptions about the relative capabilities of the friendly command. Describe the Battlefield’s Effects. The products developed during IPB are so armj to this cycle and the staff planning effort that it is a distinct function.