ASTM D1194-94 PDF

Designation: D – AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS Barr Harbor Dr., West Conshohocken, PA Reprinted from the. Buy ASTM D TEST METHOD FOR BEARING CAPACITY OF SOIL FOR STATIC LOAD AND SPREAD FOOTINGS from SAI Global. ASTM: D AASHTO: T Apparatus. Loading platform of sufficient size and strength to supply the estimated load. Hydraulic or mechanical.

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Test method for bearing capacity of soil for static load on spread footings D Foundation design — principles and practices. Based on Hansen’s astj, the ultimate bearing capacity was about kN t. Subgrade reaction in mat foundation design.

The values of in Table 1 are practically constant regardless of the size of the plate in the present study. Wrench and Nowatzki also developed a relationship between the deformation modulus and N value. This simply confirms the well-recognized fact that Terzaghi’s bearing-capacity theory is usually the most conservative.

However, the load tests did result in an important finding: Use of a single parameter such as the modulus of subgrade reaction to characterize the response of a soil to an applied load is thus an oversimplified concept.

Large Scale Plate Load Tests | Gulf Foundation FZE

Beneath the alluvial fan gravel and cobble deposits is the Late Pleistocene conglomerate formation, which extends as deep as m. Hansen’s bearing-capacity theory is the most accurate one based on the limited plate-load tests conducted in the present study.

These samples were used in the laboratory for determination of unit weight, specific gravity, and particle-size distribution. The journal reviewers are thanked for their constructive comments that helped sharpen this paper. Astmm, once the foundation settles, the contact pressure redistributes. A length of 12 m was used.


In the present study, the near-vertical slopes made by the excavation at the test site could stand by themselves without support. The apparent specific gravity of the gravelly cobble deposit is 2. The soil profile of the test site is shown in Fig. Here, the modulus KS is calculated based on the d1194-994 settlement a at the allowable bearing capacity q adefined in Fig.

Schematic diagram for determination of the modulus of subgrade reaction. Schematic diagram of the plate-load test setup: Each reaction anchor consisted of 12 steel bars. The experimental program consisted of laboratory and field tests. Note that reseating of each plate before loading was necessary, as the three atm were placed at different locations.

Large Scale Plate Load Tests

Plate-load test results and analysis Three different sizes of plates, 0. Various ranges of KS values have also been proposed by other engineers Bowles ; Das Complete setup for the plate-load test.

In the first stage, where the load is less than kN tthe load is measured by a load gauge which has a maximum capacity of only kN t but is more accurate. Adjust the plate so that it has good contact with the ground at the bottom of the excavation. It was decided to lower the water table, by pumping, to below the depth of the plate during the test to provide a desirable working environment.

Concrete International, 13 4: To accommodate larger size plates, it was decided to use eight reaction anchors, each carrying an allowable load of up to kN t. Canadian foundation engineering manual. Various aspects of the plate-load test, including design of reaction anchors and reaction beams, test setup, and test procedure, are described below. This gave a total allowable load of kN t. Figure 10 shows a plot of the measured ultimate bearing capacity versus the size of the plate used in the load test.


The bottom layer is a gravelly cobble deposit, occasionally with thin layers of sand.

A mat foundation usually consists of three parts: In Proceedings, use of in situ tests in geotechnical engineering. Experience has shown that the plate-load test can provide reliable estimates of vertical modulus for settlement calculations Sstm Geotechnical Society The angle of internal friction may be back-calculated from the measured ultimate bearing capacity.

Proctor penetrometer | Matest

For each plate-load test, a contact pressure of about The west boundary of the basin is the Tatu Terrace, and the east boundary is the Taiwan Western Foothills.

In local practice for structural design of mat foundations, structural engineers prefer to model the soil mass as a series of elastic springs, known as the Winkler foundation. The geologic formation of the gravelly cobble deposit makes it very difficult to obtain large undisturbed samples for laboratory testing.

A simpler, empirical equation has been proposed by Scott for sandy soils, which relates KS to standard penetration resistance N. Before applying the loads, the pressure gauge and the dial gauge were set to zero.