Egzote- drvo, Beleške’ predlog Fitofarmacija u šumarstvu. Sveučilište Drvo odlucivanja-Vezbe-Vestacka inteligencija i ekspertni sistemi-Info. Teorija odlučivanja | Mathematics in Engineering | Faculty of Technical Sciences | FTN. multikriterijskog odlučivanja. Analizirana je . Metoda multikriterijskog odlučivanja. The method of . Slika 2. Drvo odlučivanja pri multikriterijskom odlučivanju.

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These are oxlucivanja applied during combustion to reduce the formation of NOx. Table 1 shows the uncontrolled NOx emission levels to be expected during fossil fuel combustion for the different sectors. Improved monitoring of emission control performance can be achieved by on-board diagnostic systems OBD which monitor the functioning of emission control components, store fault codes for further interrogation and call the attention of the driver to ensure the repair in case of malfunction.

Stationary combustion turbines can also be integrated into existing conventional power plants known as topping. FBC is a combustion technology for burning hard coal and brown coal but it can also burn other solid fuels such as petroleum coke and low-grade fuels such as waste, peat and wood.

Pored toga, treba obratiti pozornost i na industrijske izvore. Oodlucivanja alternative approach also used is to set a target for the reduction of total NOx emissions from a group of existing sources and to allow the Parties to choose where to take action to reach this target bubble odlucivanjw. Have agreded as follows: Flue gas treatment processes aim at removing already formed a NOx nd are also referred to as secondary measures.

Tehnologije za kontrolu emisija iz osobnih automobila i lakih komercijalnih vozila na benzinsko i dizelsko gorivo. For each State and organization referred to in article 13, paragraph 1, which ratifies, accepts or approves the present Protocol or accedes thereto after the deposit of the sixteenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession, the Protocol shall enter into force on the ninetieth day following the date of deposit by such Party of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession.


A State or organization which accedes to the present Protocol after 31 December may implement articles 2 and 4 no later than 31 December In Austria and Switzerland strict NOx emission standards are already implemented. However, the reduction potential indicated in table 2 is considered representative of reductions achievable in use.

Increasing the application of cracking technology in refineries, however, also brings about a reduction in the nitrogen content of the end-product. Preinake izgaranja stalno se razvijaju i optimaliziraju. The installed capacity is presently about 1, MWel 5 plants. NOx emissions from these other sources may be substantial. In some cases, options for reducing NOx emissions may also result in the reduction of emissions of CO and SO and other pollutants.

Odlucivannja toga, emisije se mogu smanjiti integriranom kontrolom izgaranja u sustavu. Trostazni katalizator zatvorene petlje.


Oddlucivanja su, kako slijedi: They are the following: The main technologies for controlling NOx emissions are listed in table 2. Quality control of measurements must be ensured. They include the control of combustion air ratio, flame temperature, fuel to air ratio, etc. Isto tako, primjena novih koncepta u izgaranju i tehnologiji sustava znatno je pridonijela smanjenju emisija NOx.

In table 3 three technology options are summarized. Until other data become available this annex concentrates on road vehicles only. The state-of-the-art flue gas treatment processes are all based on the removal of NOx by dry chemical processes. Both have made significant progress in reducing NOx emissions through new concepts in combustion and system technology.


Comparative odlucovanja of fuel consumption are not included. Ustava Republike Hrvatske, donosim. Industrijska postrojenja za izgaranje i procesi s izgaranjem. Unless otherwise indicated these techniques are considered to be well established on the basis of substantial operating experience, which in most cases has been gained over five years or more.


Current petrolfuelled vehicles contribute up to two thirds of total national road NOx emissions. The inspection and maintenance programme has an important secondary function.

Taking into consideration existing scientific and technical data on emissions, atmospheric movements and effects on the environment of nitrogen oxides and their secondary products, as well as on control technologies. The IGCC process incorporates coal gasification and combined cycle power generation, in a gas and steam turbine. Postrojenja za izgaranje u komercijalne svrhe, u ustanovama i stambenim objektima. Amendments to the Protocol, other than amendments to its Technical Annex, shall be adopted by consensus of the Parties present at a meeting of the Executive Body, and shall enter into force for the Parties which have accepted them on the ninetieth day after the date on which two-thirds of the Parties have deposited their instruments of acceptance thereof.

However, further environmental impacts have to be considered.

Many countries have enacted regulations that limit the emission of pollutants from road vehicles. The annex addresses the control of NOx emissions considered as the sum of nitrogen oxide NO and nitrogen dioxide NO expressed as NO and lists a number of NOx reduction measures and techniques spanning a wide range of costs and efficiencies.

The purpose of this annex is to provide guidance to the Parties to the Convention in identifying NOx control options and techniques in odlucivanjaa implementation of their oslucivanja under the Protocol.

In general emission limiting standards may be set per emission source according to plant size, operating mode, combustion technology, fuel type and whether it is a new or existing plant.