The Veil and the Male Elite: A Feminist Interpretation of Women’s Rights in Islam. Fatema Mernissi, Author, Fatima Mernissi, Author Addison Wesley Publishing. The Veil and the Male Elite. A Feminist Interpretation of Women’s Rights in Islam. by Fatima Mernissi. translated by Mary Jo Lakeland. Title, The veil and the male elite: a feminist interpretation of women’s rights in Islam / Fatima Mernissi ; translated by Mary Jo Lakeland. Author, Mernissi, Fatima .

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The author provides a revealing and enlightening look at the Prophets egalitarian vision of society and how many of respected first women of Islam were strong, intelligent women who were free to walk in public, discuss politics and determine their futures.

Once the contents of a Hadith were recorded, the work consisted, above all, of assuring its authenticity. How was it that it was not military men who took precedence?

Ekite person who recorded the oral Hadith and put it in a written collection had to deal with various methodological problems. The multinational corporations are the incarnation of this new form of domination, in which the actors in the political game are no longer bound by spacial considerations.

The mosques were veritable plenary assemblies where the leaders came to discuss with the people they governed the decisions to be taken in the conflict between tA’isha and tAli, and it must be pointed out after reading the minutes of those meetings that the people spoke up and demanded to be informed about what was going on.

Leafing through aI-Jabiri’s book, one sees the Muslim thw emerge in an extraordinary light.

The veil and the male elite : a feminist interpretation of women’s rights in Islam

She was politically wiped out: After having developed a very advanced knowledge of the various kinds of Hadith, he mastered the techniques for uncovering their faults This took place at Basra on December 4, AD But to do this, he had to do outrageous violence to Muhammad as a historical person about whom we have copious documentation.

Geopolitics was a strategy based on defense of the tangible – territory, frontiers, and the riches found within them. They made a compact among themselves that each would pursue his chosen victim until he had killed him or perished in the attempt. Are periods the source of sullying? Khadija celebrated the event by converting to the new religion of her husband; she was Islam’s first adherent.

Islam stresses the fact.

The veil and the male elite: a feminist interpretation of women’s rights in Islam

Alem Moulay Ahmed al-Khamlichi gave me much advice and patiellt assistance, rare amol1g colleagues, especially with chapters 2, 3, and 4, concerning Hadith. In other words, the rigorous historian ought to be grateful that an amateur has produced something that is not entirely without value.


One or more items could not be added because you are not logged in. Why is it that we find some Muslim men saying that women in Muslim states cannot be granted full enjoyment of human rights? So, beyond its spiritual dimension, Islam was first and foremost a promise of power, unity, and triumph for a marginalized people, divided and occupied, who wasted their energy in intertribal wars. Her chapter about the hiqab is game changing. Each soldier was a Companion; he knew their families; this was not an anonymous army.

This dual attitude that I had toward the sacred text was going to remain with me. The veil mlae the male elite: It is an academic work, so well researched. What keeps me from doing it is that I have seen some of the Companions of the Messenger of God who heard exactly what I myself heard, who saw what I saw, and elit men recounted Hadith. Abd those who elitd the first opinion, the gravest danger that the Muslim nation could face was not that of being ruled by an unjust leader, but rather of falling into civil war.

Capital punishment for zina would only be applied if four witnesses testified to having Seetl the adultery with their own eyes and at the same time. Preface to the English Edition p.

The source of the invention of Hadith – manipulation par excellence of malf sacred text – is to be found in the very nature of a political system which never managed to transcend its elitist origins and seek pragmatic ways of mobilizing the whole population to participate in the choice of the head of state. Revealing the misogynistic attitude of my neighbors, it indicated to me the path I should follow to better understand it – a study of the religious texts that everybody knows mernlssi no one really probes, with the exception of the authorities on the subject: Mernissi was a lecturer at the Mohammed V University of Rabat and a research scholar at the University Institute for Scientific Research, in the same city.

They helped us to talk about our tinle of defeat. He has been the source of an enormous amount of commentary in the religious literature. Abu Bakra had a truly astonishing memory for politically opportune Hadith which curiously – and most effectively – fitted into the stream of history.

The Veil and the Male Elite

Fu’ad tAbd al- Muntim, for example, who has written a book on The Pritlciple of Equality in Islam, published in ,5 recapitulates all the debates that have surrounded this Hadith since the ninth century fatim his chapter entitled “The Principle of Equality in Islam and the Woman Problem,” but without elaborating a personal, contemporary critique of the question.


Did the Prophet merniwsi himself after making love during the holy month of Ramadall? History is always the group’s language, the official narrative that is pressed between covers of gold and trotted out for ritual ceremonies of self- congratulation. Why are you fighting? AI-Bukhari, like all the fuqaha, began his work of collecting by asking for Allah’s help and acknowledging that only He is infallible.

Giving alms is the fourth. They sought advice from fatjma experts and tried to palliate this state of affairs by writing down the Hadith that were known, certain, authentic. It was necessary, moreover, to avoid having enmities and slanders lead to the condemnation of innocent persons.

So what is going on? There is always scriptures that can support a person’s point, so while I applaud Mernissi’s effort it still left me unimpressed. For those first Muslims democracy was nothing unusual; it was their meat and drink and their wonderful dream, waking or sleeping.

This chapter, as we shall soon see, is extremely important for the clarification of a key dimension of Islam: They constitute, along with the Koran the book revealed by Godboth the source of law and the standard for distinguishing the true from the false, the permitted from the forbidden – they have shaped Mzle ethics and values. You must expect something else.

The veil and the male elite: a feminist interpretation of women’s rights in Islam

Beneath the spiritual enthusiasm and fervor, “passions and fierce struggles for earthly power were smoldering, passions which would lead the utnma community of believers] into interminable civil wars and finally to schisms that would give to Islam the sects that we know today. Fasting during the month of Ramadan from sunrise to sunset is the third duty.

The journey back in time then is essential, not because the pilgrimage to Mecca is a duty, but because analysis of the past, no longer as myth or sanctuary, becomes necessary and vital.

In order to end the sexual licentiousness and promiscuity that existed in pre-Islamic Arabia and in an effort to control paternity, Islam condemned all sexual relations outside marriage or ownership as zina, encouraging women and men to marry and labeling celibacy as the open door to temptations of all kinds.

I passed my wet hand over my braids three times, and I never undid them! For – and this was the miracle – God spoke to Muhammad in his native tongue, Arabic: