Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: | Size: 13 MB Fiqh of Muslim Minorities sheds light on the principles. Minorities (Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat): The Case of the Palestinian Muslim .. Alwani preceded Al-Qaradawi in publishing works on Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat. Most Muslims perceive Muslim minorities as an integral part of the larger Muslim community, umma. . 10 Y. al-Qaradawi, Fiqh of Muslim Minorities (Vol.

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What importance can be given to marginal opinions from the fiqh heritage which contradict the views of the majority of the scholars?

Jytte Klausen, in her celebrated study The Islamic Challenge. The members disagree on whether the ECFR should try to revise these fatwas or simply endorse them. You are commenting using your Twitter account.

Since the authority of the fatwa is deemed to be directly proportional to its proximity to a general consensus, the ECFR’s leadership tries to accommodate most of the objections which are formulated by the members.

In the absence of a specific question, how do the scholars go about producing a text that will be disseminated in their name? These texts do not strictly-speaking partake in the same moral universe of the fatwa which I have described above, but they seek to bind their addressees through a mode of interpellation that also draws on the performative power of Muslim ethical speech Caeiro, How they eventually circulate amongst Muslim and non-Muslim publics, and the kinds of appropriations or subversions that may take place, lie ultimately outside of the muftis’ control.

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Fiqh Of Muslim Minorities | Islam Future → The Future For Islam

This methodology founds the regulatory power which the muftis attribute to their fatwas. Log In Sign Up. The Egyptian state provides religious expertise: Some—like qaradqwi status of meat products slaughtered by non-Muslims—have been indefinitely postponed. They relate their fiqh positions primarily to the expectations of their communities and to the wider aims of the movement.

Sometimes factual information considered unimportant by the petitioner—but crucial for the mufti’s interpretive work—may be missing: These scholars are usually based in Europe and include members of the FIOE the institution which has founded the ECFR and which is widely perceived to control the internal proceedings. But fiqh has not abolished the subjectivity involved in determining the appropriate balances and in facilitating the life of believers without illicitly transgressing mkslim textual limits.


Although formally trained in Islamic Law and its adjunct sciences, most of the Europe-based scholars do not have the impressive religious credentials of their Middle-Eastern partners. And yet, for those members who reside outside Europe, their membership of a European Council is considered problematic. Johansen Baber,Contingency in a Sacred Law.

These and other questions are the object qsradawi intense debate within a collective fiqh council committed to a range of different projects. To what extent should the ECFR follow public debates in conflating integration and anti-terrorism agendas? The researcher uses the inductive and analytical methods. Both typically require numerous drafts, lengthy discussions, and some patient negotiation.

Notify me of new posts via email. A few sessions of the ECFR have been devoted to discussing the general frameworks as well as the precise rules of Muslim family matters in Europe. Social scientists working on Islam in Europe seem to have by and large neglected ov genre of fatwas. To borrow a commonly-used metaphor, the petitioner’s absence makes the diagnosis of the spiritual illness difficult, rendering the provision of a remedy in the form of a fatwa all the trickier.

The article thus seeks to fill a relative gap in the scholarship on Islam in Europe minoeities has often reduced fatwas to ahistorical and fundamentalist rhetorics. Minoriries boundaries between the two genres are in fact quite blurred, not only because a question from a petition may be reformulated in more abstract terms and be made the object of a resolution, but also because the issues that are put forward by individual members often originate in actual questions they were asked in their local context.

Fiqh of Muslim Minorities

The institution most closely associated with the concept of minority fiqh is the European Council for Fatwa and Research, a body which aims at providing an authoritative reading of the Islamic tradition in a context of migration and social change.

Despite some notable exceptions the observation is still largely valid today across Europe.


His study however also offers interesting points of comparison with the universe of the fatwa. Brill, These scholars speak less in the collective meetings, and more tentatively; they tend to be more sensitive and vulnerable to local state policies and public debates, and worry more about how the fatwas will minoritiez received in their national contexts.

Fiqh of Muslim Minorities

Sincethe debates are even broadcast live through the ECFR’s website www. Although some of these figures are based in the West, most of them actually reside in the Gulf. This research paper aims to study the most important usuli sources that are appropriate to use in the area of the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities with a clarification of their legal proves, arrangement and applications.

For details of the controversy, and how it reshaped the subsequent reception of Qaradawi in Western Europe, see Caeiro, Saify, The whole economic activity is actually investment and finance and it has to be based on such a special social contract.

Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. A previously-issued fatwa by a recognized religious authority is often the starting point of the discussion. Muslim emigration to the West according to Salafi jurisprudence. This remarkable public orientation makes the scholars acutely aware that by issuing a collective fatwa, they are taking position in a larger debate about the relevance of Islamic Law in the modern world. Can a Muslim inherit from his non-Muslim relative?

The discussions and decisions reached at those meetings—on issues of Muslim settlement in Europe, citizenship, interest-bearing transactions, the headscarf, and others—were not widely publicized.

This site uses cookies. American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, vol. But the fatwas and resolutions of the ECFR also have to be made relevant for the variety of Muslim communities and the heterogeneity of European contexts.

Voting by show of hands —the constitutional method of resolving divisive issues within fatwa bodies in general—is rarely practiced.