Garrett Eckbo ( – ). Widely regarded as the father of Modern landscape architecture, Garrett Eckbo saw landscape design as a vehicle for social. Garrett Eckbo, American landscape architect (born Nov. 28, , Cooperstown, N.Y.—died May 15, , Oakland, Calif.), was a pioneer of. If the three articles authored jointly by James Rose, Daniel Kiley, and Garrett Eckbo, published in Architectural Record in and , were a manifesto for a.

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He quoted Christopher Cauldwell: Sometime in the Aluminum Company of America, through its advertising agency. A one-way screen that affords a view of the planting from the living room, but blocks the view from the studio into the living room and terrace.

Vegetation at first played only a secondary role, but in time planting achieved greater prominence [figure 40]. As a group they suggest that the landscape edkbo had already begun to question the notion of styles applied indiscriminately to contemporary California.

Harvard Design Magazine: Landscape for Living by Garrett Eckbo

But for those with more limited time, space, funds, and interest, those areas of the garden requiring tending should be kept to a minimum. The scope of Eckbo, Dean and Williams’ work was constantly increasing, the amount of detailed design necessarily reduced. By the Eckbo, Royston and Williams partnership no longer existed; the firm was reconstituted as Eckbo, Dean and Williams eckb Given its aristocratic birth in the estates of the wealthy, the pool was normally set off from the principal part of the garden and screened from view.

The note accompanying the rendered site plan dispelled any doubt about the author’s patriotic and artistic intentions behind the design:. To him the particular style in which a landscape was executed mattered less than garett intention behind that vocabulary—which should not be a question of style alone. The garden’s dynamic or more lyrical composition countered the more stolid form of the house and its orthogonal relation to the lot lines [figure 38].

The substrata, the cladding, and the climatology of sites vary from place to place and region to region, and so too will the logical design response. His later palette relied instead on an armature of greens enriched by varietals and well placed patches of color.

Garrett Eckbo – Wikipedia

Originally published in the Britannica Book of the Year. Eckkbo the Garretr Collection, Paul Burgin was ever-pleasant, always willing to locate materials and arrange their photography; Stephen Tobriner helped make the drawings available for both the exhibition and the book. The site’s confines pressured the circle eckno the Firk garden ekcbo Los Angeles [preliminary plan ] into an irregular oval, the pergola and other walls pushed to the patio’s perimeter [see plate VII].


While the gsrrett architect rarely mentions specific influences, the Eckbo gardens of the late s and s, are so close to certain works by Wassily Kandinsky as to beg comparison.

But Landscape for Living exhibits another aspect of American modernism, one less remarked upon: In almost all of these landscape designs, the spatial ideas found in Modernist architectural space were applied to desiccated landscapes or agricultural fields.

But much of what Eckbo had to say would today be treated in academic barrett and seminars and conferences, such as those held recently in Berkeley and Cambridge, featuring historical investigations not only of the Modern movement but, ironically, of such antihistorical heroes as Dan Kiley and Garrett Eckbo.

That no aspect of the garden was perceived as absolute is also suggested in a pencil study for the Reid garden in Palo Alto from the same period [figure 31]. Regionalism, with the reexamination of the locale, was a theme underlying many New Deal programs, from the Federal Writer’s Project to local art programs. With hostilities ended in AugustAmerica began the return to normalcy. In the article “Freedom in the Garden,” for example, Rose, like Eckbo, noted the affinity between landscape design and sculpture.

After attending Marin Junior College for a year, he enrolled ecbko the University of California, Berkeley where he majored in landscape architecture. Views Read Edit View history. Eckbo recalls that although the University of California’s gagrett program tended toward a Beaux-Arts doctrine that applied formal ideas to institutional projects and informal ones to residential designs, Berkeley was just a bit too far from its continental sources to maintain true orthodox rigor.

Here, plantings of magnolia, melaleuca, and ficus gqrrett, offering a homogenous canopy for houses that have taken various guises through remodeling over the year. The communal amenities of Contempoville included an outdoor theater, children’s playgrounds, tennis court, swimming pool, and its shelter [figure 85].

He also wrote a number of influential books, including Landscape for Living and The Art of Home Landscaping House and garden developed as an organic unit which will present a compelling setting for the “more abundant life. In July the group held an exhibition at the San Francisco Museum of Art, arguing for comprehensive planning, the joining of social, political, and physical planning concerns, and an integration of the design professions in outlook and collaboration.

It’s like a street or highway. Any family that has a quarter-acre backyard has got a real project. He is, no doubt, a better person for it. In he returned eckbi Berkeley to head the department of landscape architecture where he had been a student. Spatial design is achieved through both inert and. One can regret or not the passing of the attitudes expressed in this classic modern polemic, but on rereading Landscape for Livingone must, I think, respect them.

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We warmly appreciate all their efforts. A project for a recreation center in South Boston, designed with architecture students Saunders, Robinson, Currie, and Crain, suggested the super-structure for public space assigned to varied use.

To some degree, these designs developed ideas first proposed in the Small Gardens and Contempoville studies, but each of these ideas was tempered by the particular conditions of the site and program. After less than a year of work, Eckbo could see that the horizons at the nursery were limited. He applied his modernist ideas to these camps attempting to improve the workers sckbo environments.

Those major organizational plantings of Chinese elms, cottonwoods, mulberries, sycamores and other hardy species were softened with magnolias, oaks and olives for shade and almond and plum trees for color. Oval beds; skewed plantings of hedges; networks of interlocking paths—all these ground patterns were complemented by the higher masses and canopies of trees, composing the domestic space outdoors in three spatial levels.

The landscape architect must think of water, not only as a provider of coolness and repose or motion or life, or even as a translucent veil which intensifies the color and texture of any material across which it is drawn, but also because one does not step into a pool without careful preparation as a positive space-organizing element which controls physical movement, knocking a hole in the site, but does not block the movement of the eye.

In some instances, the grand ideas—both social and vegetal—languished with lack of maintenance.

Garrett Eckbo

There was a problem with your submission. In closing, they stressed that “the design principles underlying the planning of the urban, rural and primeval environments are identical: Eckbo’s eagerness to experiment during the s was epitomized by his theatrical Beverly Hills swimming pool design for the owner of Cole of California, the bathing suit company.

Occupying a niche between architecture and landscape, these structures, like the shapes of paved areas. After working at the Nurseries, he was restless to expand his creative horizons and entered Harvard University ‘s Graduate School of Design by way of a scholarship competition, which he won.

Certain of Eckbo’s projects were controlled by a formality not totally foreign to the work he had produced at Berkeley or during his year at the Armstrong Nurseries. Eckkbo Eckbo’s own path began in New York.