HIPOTIROID KONGENITAL. EA. Ega Andari. Updated 21 November Transcript. Bertujuan mengembalikan fungsi metabolisme; termoregulasi, respirasi. Waspada Hipotiroid Kongenital pada Bayi Baru Lahir – http://www. Kekurangan hormon tiroid pada masa anak- anak akan menghentikan pertumbuhan dan menghasilkan wajah infantil yang Kretinism (hipotiroid kongenital).

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Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here This site uses cookies. The devel- opment of ossification centers is also retarded in hypothyroidism. In familial short stature, the bone age is normal compared to chronological age. Congenital heart disease most commonly endocardial cushion defects occurs in almost half of these children.

They are more likely to have endocrinopathies, including hypothyroidism. The thyroid gland is invariably enlarged, often irregularly so.

They also have an increased likelihood of leukemia, but not solid tumors. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: A 1-month-old female infant is referred to your clinic for a positive newborn screen for hypothy- roidism.

B Affected infants have unusually small fontanelles. Which of the following is true of congenital hypothy- roidism?

Kongnital the mother is receiving antithyroid medication, this also crosses the placenta, and the infant may be euthyroid or even hypothyroid at birth. Close neurodevelopmental follow-up is necessary. Reference standards for bone maturation facil-itate estimation of bone age.

Atlanto-axial instability is also frequent, but is not associated with arthritis.


Hypothyroidism also can be associated with anemia and impaired renal function, but these are mild. A scintis- can to look for ectopic thyroid tissue is helpful. You are commenting using your Twitter account. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use.

E Affected infants usually have a goiter present at birth. However, other auto- immune disorders, including diabetes mellitus, adrenal insufficiency, hypoparathyroidism, and pernicious anemia, occur in only a minority of patients. These antbodies can cause an increase in fetal thyroid hormone production.

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Neonatal screen- ing programs assist the clinician in identifying these infants after birth, although errors in screening occur. Maternal ingestion of propylthiouracil causes a transi- tory hypothyroidism, but history should reveal maternal use of this drug.

Thyrotoxicosis in the first day oflife most likely occurs in an infant born to a mother with which of the following diagnoses? Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Streak gonads are a finding seen in Turner syndrome.


Ana most commonly used standards pzda those of Gruelich and Pyle, which require radiographs of the left hand and wrist; knee films are sometimes added for younger children. D Ank infants with congenital hypothyroidism are asymptomatic at birth. A delayed bone age is noted on skeletal survey based on the appearance of ossification centers and further testing reveals the diagnosis of con- genital hypothyroidism.

In constitutional growth delay, endocrinologic short stature, and undernutrition, the bone age is low and is com- parable to the height age. Roentgenographic demon- stration of absence of the distal femoral epiphyses in a term infant would be suggestive of hypothy- roidism. You are commenting using your Facebook account. No other abnormalities are detected.


The indirect hyperbilirubinemia is due to impaired hepatic glucuronidation of bilirubin hipktiroid to enhanced enterohepatic circulation of bilirubin secondary to decreased intestinal motility. Therapy initiated prior to 2—4 weeks of life can ensure near-normal intelli- gence. Thyroid hormone is critical for normal brain develop- ment, deficiency of thyroid hormone during the first 2—3 years of life could result in irre- versible brain development. The other causes of congenital hypothyroidism are uncommonly seen.

Radiography of the distal femur of patients with congenital hypothyroidism frequently reveals absent distal epiphysis.

C Affected infants appear thin. Awareness of the subtle clini- cal signs and symptoms is imperative.


Maternal ingestion of iodides as in expectorants is a recognized cause of konngenital tal hypothyroidism but is rare today. Most patients are euthy- roid, some are hypothyroid, and a few are hyperthyroid. A large posterior fontanelle is the only other finding.

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