Konjungtivitis Vernal – Download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt), PDF File . pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC), atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC), and giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC) constitute the remaining subtypes. Management of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis. Multiple pharmacologic agents may be used to provide varying degrees of relief. Mucolytic agents.

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Retrieved from ” https: Concise Ophthalmology 4th ed. Views Read Edit View history. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Topical corticosteroids are typically the most effective. Original article contributed by: In some patients symptoms may persist beyond childhood, which in some cases may represent a conversion to an adult form of atopic keratoconjunctivitis [1].

In Trantas described the limbal white dots that had been previously demonstrated by Horner. For instance, one European study demonstrated the prevalence was between 1. Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology.

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis

A topical antihistamine only may work in mild cases [13]. AKC typically has an older age of onset in the 2nd to 5th decade, as opposed to onset prior to age 10 with VKC.

Such patients often give family history of other atopic diseases such as hay feverasthma or eczemaand their peripheral blood shows eosinophilia and increased serum IgE levels.

Depending on region and climate, prevalence of VKC can vary widely. Nonetheless, the sometimes debilitating nature of this disease when it is active necessitates therapy to control symptoms. Topical mast cell stabilizers cromolyn sodium, nedocromil sodium, and lodoxamide are typically used with topical antihistamines and have been shown to be effective in moderate presentations of VKC [13].


Create account Log in. Residents and Fellows contest rules International Ophthalmologists contest rules. It characteristically affects young males in hot dry climates in a seasonal manner; however this is not always the rule. Oral corticosteroids can be considered in sight threatening conditions [1, 7]. Articles needing additional references from December All articles needing additional references Infobox medical condition new All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis From EyeWiki.

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The increased incidence in hot regions is speculated to be secondary to a higher level of pollution by konjungtivtiis and various other allergens. It has now been shown that IgE is not enough to cause the varied inflammatory response that is seen with VKC [1, 6]. Diseases of the eye and adnexa Disorders of conjunctiva Rare diseases. Enroll in the Residents and Fellows contest. In other projects Konjungtuvitis Commons. Long term konjungtivltis with steroid sparing agents such as cyclosporine and tacrolimus is often needed.

It is typically bilateral but may be asymmetric in nature. This page has been accessedtimes. Based on severity, authors have classified VKC into clinical grades: It is thought to be konjungtiviris unusual in North America and Western Europe [6, 7]. Generally VKC is a rather benign and self-limiting disease that may resolve with age or spontaneously at puberty [1, 2, 7]. InTrantas characterized the spectrum of corneal changes seen in VKC [1].

Additionally, adult patients with VKC may respond more favorably to topical cyclosporin therapy [16]. Barot, RK et al. Additionally, prevalence in endemic vwrnal is much higher when looking at adolescents compared to the population as a whole [7]. This page was last modified on November 28,at Males are affected more than females, but this difference becomes smaller as age increases [3].


Badr, Corneal ectasia in vernal keratoconjunctivitis. A hereditary association has been suggested, but no direct genetic associations have been made.

Oral anti-histamines are sometimes utilized, but there is no real evidence in their support. InGabrielides identified eosinophils in conjunctival secretions as well of the peripheral blood of VKC patients.

Am J Trop Med Hyg, There is at least one report of the successful use of omalizumab, an anti-IgE monoclonal antibody, in a patient with VKC recalcitrant to other treatment modalities [17]. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci, Complications konjungtivtis arise from occasional corneal scarring and the unsupervised used verjal topical corticosteroids [1, 2].

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis VKC or spring catarrh is a recurrent, bilateral, and self-limiting inflammation of conjunctivahaving a periodic seasonal incidence. Privacy policy About EyeWiki Disclaimers.

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis – Wikipedia

Mannis, and Edward J. Retrieved from ” http: Corneal involvement in VKC may be primary or secondary due to extension of limbal lesions. Indian J Ophthalmol, Am J Ophthalmol, The main differential diagnosis to be konjuhgtivitis is atopic keratoconjunctivitis AKC. Page Discussion View form View source History.