KUBARK Manual: A User’s Guide to Torture? – The KUBARK manual was written by the CIA in the s as a means of standardizing interrogation techniques. Approved For Rel /08/ CIA-RDPR’N/+ Proposed Dispatch SUBJECT: KUBARK Retirement Program 1. KUBARK policy . PDF | A careful reading of the KUBARK manual is essential for anyone involved in Anticipating modern-day interrogation guides such as CIA’s “KUBARK.

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Except within the Communist frame of reference, they have paid less attention to the creation of internal controls — i. He may even have a system of morality that is all his own. Some of the material was similar to the older CIA manuals described below. While the excerpts released by the Pentagon are a useful and not misleading selection of the most egregious passages, the ones most clearly advocating torture, execution and blackmail, they do not provide adequate insight into the manuals’ highly objectionable framework.

The last section, on do’s and dont’s, is a return to the broader view of the opening parts; as a check-list, it is placed last solely for convenience. There is nothing mysterious about interrogation. A repetition of this catalogue would serve no purpose here, especially because almost all of the characteristics mentioned are also desirable in case officers, agents, policemen, salesmen, lumberjacks, and everybody else. InCaballero attended a CIA “human resources exploitation or interrogation course,” according to declassified testimony by Richard Stolzwho was the deputy director for operations at the time, before the June Senate Select Committee on Intelligence.

Pressure tactics or hostility will make them retreat inside themselves, whereas reassurance will bring them out. It is plainly true that the interrogation source cannot be understood in a vacuum, isolated from social context. Sometimes his sense of superiority is interwoven with a kind of magical thinking that includes all sorts of superstitions and fantasies about controlling his environment. The latter school maintains the existence of a national character and sub-national categories, and interrogation guides based on this principle recommend approaches tailored to geographical cultures.

People do change, but what appears to be new behavior or a new psychological pattern is usually just a variant on the old theme. With this common understanding established, the interrogation can move on to impersonal matters and will not later be thwarted or interrupted — or at least not as often — by irrelevant answers designed not to provide facts but to prove that the interrogatee is a respectable member of the human race.


I know I will not be tortured and that under the procedures of western law I can conduct myself boldly. Therefore prior Headquarters approval at the KUDOVE level must be obtained for the interrogation of any source against his will and under any of the following circumstances:.

The CIA found that the best methods for extracting information from kubar come not through the infliction of physical pain or torture, but through psychological torture. A User’s Guide to Torture? A calculated display of feeling employed for a specific purpose is an exception; but even under these circumstances the interrogator is in full control. Is there a torture manual? Views Read Edit View history.

The choice of methods depends in part upon the answer to this question. This is the oldest manual, and describes the use of abusive techniques, as exemplified by two references to the use of electric shock, in addition to use of threats and fear, sensory deprivation, and isolation.

The interrogator should remember that he and the interrogatee are often working at cross-purposes not because the interrogates is malevolently withholding or misleading but simply because what he wants front the situation is not what the interrogator wants.

The definitions, legal considerations, and discussions of kubzrk and sources, as well as Section VI on screening and other preliminaries, are relevant to all kinds of interrogations.

U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals – Wikipedia

Most of the intelligence kubar employed here which may once have been ambiguous has been clarified through usage or through KUBARK instructions. Threats and threatening gestures, table-pounding, pouncing on evasions or lies, and any similarly authoritative tactics will only awaken in such a subject his old anxieties and habitual defense mechanisms. If they are interrogated, the reason is that they are known or believed to fall into one of the following categories.

The same manual states the importance of knowing local laws regarding detention but then notes, “Illegal detention always requires prior HQS [headquarters] approval. The proprietary interests kubarkk the host government will frequently dictate interrogation by a liaison service rather than by KUBARK.

And a principal source of aid today is scientific findings. Why a Draft Would Weaken the U. Preliminary assessment of motivation including political orientationreliability, and capability as observer and reporter. The New York Times ].

The CIA wrote a torture manual more than 50 years ago, and then gave it to Latin American dictators

Such an agent may feel confident enough not to be gravely concerned about himself. So simple a matter as greeting an interrogatee by his name at the opening of the session establishes in his mind the comforting awareness that he is considered as a person, not a squeezable sponge. Such typologies also cause disagreement even among professional psychiatrists and psychologists. They are secretive and disinclined to confide in anyone else their plans and plots, which frequently concern the overthrow of some form of authority.


Remembering that time is on his side, the interrogator should arrange to get as much of it as he needs. This page was last edited on 4 Aprilat Full particulars are needed. He seems kubarl enjoy a continuing state of well-being.

The agency conducted trials investigating the effects of sensory deprivation [source: Usually the orderly-obstinate character has a history of active rebellion in childhood, of persistently doing the exact opposite of what he is told kubqrk do.

For this reason definitions have been omitted for such terms as burn notice, defector, escapee, and refugee. Army and CIA interrogation manuals are seven controversial military training manuals which were declassified by the Pentagon in One general observation is introduced now, however, because it is kuhark basic to the establishment of rapport, upon which the success of non-coercive interrogation depends.

The intensely personal nature of the interrogation situation makes it all the more necessary that the KUBARK questioner should aim not for a personal triumph but for his true goal — the acquisition of all needed information by any authorized means.

U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals

Patterns from the Past”. The manuals advise that torture techniques can backfire and that the threat of pain is often more effective kubak pain itself. Handwritten changes were also introduced haphazardly into the text. In a page advising against using coercive techniques was inserted at the front of Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual.

If it is then established or strongly suspected that the agent belongs to one of the following categories, further investigation and, eventually, interrogation usually follow. Retrieved from ” https: Interrogation of them is usually inconclusive and, if prolonged, unrewarding.